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Programs And Projects (Current Projects)

DRINKING WATER SUPPLY PROJECT - 2012
FOR AREAS WHERE GROUND WATER IS NOT SUITABLE FOR DRINKING
Introduction
The president and the Booard of Trustees of Dharmavijaya Foundation (DVF) have been studying for quite sometime the prevalence of chronic kidney disease in certain areas of the country. We were also disscussing from time to time,in which way DVF could be of assistance to prevent people from becoming vulnerable to the disease.

In the past several hypotheses had been given by various persons as regards the possible causes, such as high Flouride levels in water, chemicals of weedicide & insecticide,chemicals of artificial fertilizer, toxin released from blue green algae etc. The actual cause of the problem is still unknown. Nevertheless, it is now strongly believed that the high level of Flouride in ground water is the possible cause. The geographical areas where CKD is found in higher prevelance are in North Central, a part of North Western, and a part of Uva Province. In North Central province,high prevalence is found in places like Madawachchiya,Padaviya, Kabithigollawa, Rambawa, and Nuwaragampalatha Central M.O.H. area.

At the initial DVF meetings, it transpired that harvesting rain water could be a solution.However, from our own subsequent inspection of some of the rain water harvesting systems already in operation we found that catchment roof,gutters, filters and tanks are usually not properly maintained and kept clean. Rain water collected in such unclean conditions may contain various other contaminents though it may be free of flouride and calcium&magnecium hardness.More over, such a project could be implemented for houses having suitable roofs for collection of rain water and hence only a certain class of people will be benifited.Taking all these into consideration we have realised that it does not meet the objectives of Dharmavijaya Foundation and therefore, cannot be recommended as suitable especially for areas coming under arid zone where the average annual rainfall is in the range of 1000 – 1500 mm.

Being in need of more specific details and information, I contacted Mr. Ferdinando, A.G.M., National Water Supply and Drainage Board ( N.W.S.&D.B), Colombo, subsequent to the meeting he had at the D.V.F. and ,also, Mr. Hiyarapitiya, Chief Engineer of N.W.S.&D.B., Anuradhapura, to whom I was directed by Mr. Senaka Samarasinghe.Mr. Hiyarapitiya was pleased to oblige and very willingly passed on to me all the details and information I needed for preparation of this report, for which I am thakful to him.

It is their recommendation that we should do our project in the village named Sandamal eliya, in Nuwaragampalatha Central M.O.H. area, so that they would be able to supply treated water fortnightly from their purification plant at Oyamaduwa. Hence I proceed writing this report taking Sandamal eliya as the target village for our project.

General Description Of The Project Area
Sandamal eliya village is situated within the Nuwaragampalatha Central MOH area in Anuradhapura, of North Central Province. According to the informations I have gathered,the land extent is about 95 Hectares, annual rainfall is in the range of 1000 to 1500 mm. Average temperature is about 33° C. The total population in the year 2012 is 520 and number of families are 104.

The main source of income is agriculture. During the war considerable number of youths had joined the Forces as soldiers and village guards. The people living in the area depend on ground water sources, Tube wells, Dug wells etc. Sandamal eliya is considered most vulnerable area for chronic kidney disease out of the fourteen villages. They are Sandamal eliya, Thambiyawa, Ihala Dangaswewa, Meda Dangaswewa, Pahala Dangaswewa, Pahalagonawa, Indiwewa, Ihalagonawa,Viharagama, Dalukpothana, Kudagama, Nikawewa, Kahatagollawa, and Herathgama.

Existing Schemes
There are two water supply schemes in Sadamal eliya. They are : Water supply scheme done by Plan Lanka and the other by the Institute of Fundamental studies (IFS).
The water supply scheme done by Plan Lanka has already been abandon due to poor quality of ground water. At present distribution of water for drinking and cooking purpose is done from the Plant installed by IFS and the cosumers are levied Rs.2 per litre of water.
D.V.F. Objective
D.V.F. objective is to implement a joint project with the local Water Board Authority to supply potable water to people living in CKD prone areas for drinking and cooking purposes only, utilising Rs. 1.5 Million that DVF expect to get from Water Decade Service which is being liquidated,hoping that the number of people becoming vulnerable to CKD.would be reduced to some extent in the particular village.

Implementation Of The Project
Regional Support Center (NC) of National Water Supply &Drainage Board has already planned a project to supply drinking water to the area after visiting the area with officials of the Health Department and meeting the villagers. They have estimated 40 L. of potable water per day for a family of 5 members for only cooking and drinking. At this estimation a storage tank of 1000 L. is sufficient for two families for about thirteen days. Treated water is to be supplied from their water treatment Plant at Oyamaduwa. Fifty two tanks will be installed at selected places easily accessible to both bowsers and village families. The tanks will be refilled once every thirteen days.

Water Consumption Per Month

Cost Calculation Done By N.W.S.& D. B.
Operation and maintenance cost for provision of water to CKD prone area , Sandamal eliya , Tanthrimale;

Hiring Cost Of Bowsers

Conclusion And Recommendation
Feasibility and sustainability of this joint project depends on the undertaking given by the Regional Support Center of N.W.S.D.B. and implementation of that undertaking.Hence it has to be clearly stated that once the tanks are supplied and placed at the designated places, there after it is entirely the responsibility of the N.W.S.D.B. to supply treated water once every 13 days intervals as proposed by them and recover the operational cost from the consumers by themselves making their own arrangements at community level.

J.P.Kannangara

Vice President-D.V.F.

February, 27, 2012.

Prevention of Non-communicable diseases (NCDs)

The Dharmavijaya Foundation (DVF) is a development oriented non-government organisation incorporated by Act No. 12 of 1979. It is registered with the Ministry of Social Services and is declared an approved charity by the Government of Sri Lanka. Thirty Years of Service – 1979-2009' gives a brief account of the work of DVF in areas of moral development, education, economic development and health. (www.dharmavijaya.com)

Background
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are widespread in Sri Lanka. Seven out of ten deaths, according to a Ministry of Health report, are due to NCDs such as diabetes, heart diseases including heart failure, stroke and hypertension, chronic respiratory diseases and cancers. Unlike communicable diseases, to arrest NCDs there has to be a "whole-of-society" approach, because NCDs are lifestyle-related diseases.
Project
Educational programmes to build community awareness of NCDs and their prevention.
Project Goals & Objectives
  1. Make the community aware that non-communicable diseases are preventable and are closely related to one's lifestyle
  2. Motivate to take correct choices
Project duration:
12 months
Project location:
Kurunegala district. Our target is to co-opt 25 of the 31 Dharmavijaya Samajayas (DVSs) into the Project
Project Implementation:
The Dharmavijaya Foundation will associate closely with the office of the Regional Director of Health and more particularly with the NCD Unit of the Kurunegala District and to the extent possible join together with the Regional departmental programme in implementing the Project in order to ensure that there is no duplication and is mutually beneficial. Project coordination at the district level will be the responsibility of the Kendriya Dharamvijaya Samajaya (KDvs) of the district. A district level implementation committee with representations from Dharmvijaya Samajayas, the Department of Health and the DVF will be formed under the chairmanship of the President bhikkhu of the Kendriya Dharamvijaya Samajaya to oversee project implementation
Project Activities:
The Project Activities, expected results, inputs and timeline are given below.


Monitoring & Evaluation:
The whole project will be regularly monitored by the District Committee and technically supervised. There will be four meetings at the District level and the Impact Assessment Report will be discussed at the last meeting. A follow-up meeting will be held in Colombo with all stakeholders.
Cost Estimation:
The total cost of the Project is Rs. 530,552.00. (say Rs. 530,000.00). Details are at Annex 01.
Cost Estimate: Prevention of Non Communicable Diseases